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Increasingly for Americans, the cost of food is becoming almost as important as the taste of it, according to the International Food Information Council Foundation 2011 Food and Health Survey.
Although taste remains the top consideration (87 percent), 79 percent of consumers say price impacts their decision when deciding which foods and beverages to purchase, a 6 percent increase from 2010 and a noteworthy 15 percent increase since 2006.
While healthfulness (66 percent), convenience (58 percent) and sustainability (52 percent) play roles in consumer decision making, no other motivator rose at the same rate as price over the past five years. Interestingly, these trends are consistent with what drives Americans’ menu decisions at restaurants: taste (69 percent) and price (61 percent) are ranked as the top two motivators. Americans also say that lower prices are the top driver that would lead them to make more healthful choices when shopping for food.
“The economy seems to be having a significant effect on what people look for when buying food,” said Marianne Smith Edge, senior VP of food safety and nutrition at the IFIC Foundation. “While Americans will almost always choose foods that taste good first, they’re certainly looking for affordable, healthful foods as well.”
The IFIC Foundation 2011 Food and Health Survey also found that significantly fewer Americans are concerned about their weight status when compared to last year; 50 percent of Americans describe themselves as overweight in 2011 compared to 57 percent in 2010. More Americans perceive their diet as extremely or somewhat healthful (62 percent) when compared to 2010 (53 percent).
At the same time, fewer Americans report making dietary changes (59 percent in 2011 compared to 64 percent in 2010) and more Americans report that their physical activity levels are sedentary (43 percent) – a significant increase from 2010 (37 percent). These contradictions are further evidenced by the fact that the number of people trying to lose or maintain weight (69 percent) has significantly decreased since 2010 (77 percent).
“This contradiction may indicate that Americans are being less hard on themselves and less critical of their health and well-being than in past years, despite an environment in which improved health and wellness is increasingly discussed from the media to government to the dinner table,” said Carrie Dooher, IFIC Foundation director of trends and consumer insights. “This would be consistent with current trends toward small indulgences and a shift in perception about food in which consumers are seeking to be empowered rather than educated about food, health and food safety practices.”
The IFIC Foundation 2011 Food and Health Survey captured the thoughts, perceptions and behaviors of 1,000 American adults over a 2½ -week period in March and April.
Additional key findings:
- Lack of awareness of healthful living initiatives beyond dietary guidelines: Americans’ awareness of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans has increased (81 percent in 2011 compared to 71 percent in 2010). Still, 95 percent of Americans could not name another “healthy living” initiative beyond the Dietary Guidelines for Americans or MyPyramid, such as First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! campaign.
- No change in sodium concern: Despite significant attention on sodium in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, other sodium-reduction initiatives, and media, Americans’ concern about sodium remains stable. A little more than half of Americans (53 percent) say they are very or somewhat concerned about their sodium intake, equal to last year (53 percent).
- Trust in the safety of imported foods is low: Sixty-one percent of Americans believe that imported food is less safe than foods produced in the United States, citing less regulation as the top reason. Trust in the safety of the U.S. food supply, however, remains stable; half of Americans are extremely or somewhat confident in the safety of the U.S. food supply, similar to previous years. The top U.S. food safety concern continues to be foodborne illness (50 percent in 2011).
- Americans’ food safety practices at home continue to decline: Even though eight in 10 Americans report following safe food handling practices, the numbers continue to decline. Seventy-nine percent of Americans say they wash their hands with soap and water when handling food, down from 89 percent in 2010 and 92 percent in 2008. Also declining, 71 percent report washing cutting boards with soap and water, down from 78 percent in 2010 and 84 percent in 2008.
- Calorie confusion remains: Only 9 percent of Americans can accurately estimate the number of calories they should consume in a day for a person of their age, height, weight and physical activity. Additionally, almost half of Americans are unable to provide an estimate of how many calories they burn in a day (60 percent offer inaccurate estimates). Furthermore, the majority of Americans do not keep track of calories consumed or burned, citing numerous barriers, including extreme difficulty and a lack of interest, knowledge and focus.
- Americans are more receptive to positive food messages: Despite the popularity of some “food rules” which suggest certain foods to avoid, Americans more and more say they would rather hear what to eat (63 percent) instead of what not to eat. The interest in positive messaging rose seven percent since 2009 when the survey last polled Americans on this sentiment.
The IFIC Foundation 2011 Food and Health Survey also covers additional topics such as consumer attitudes and behaviors on protein and other food components, use of the Nutrition Facts Panel and other labeling elements, low-calorie sweeteners, caffeine, fortified foods and foods with added benefits, food colors and food technology.
For a copy of the IFIC Foundation 2011 Food and Health Survey Executive Summary, visit the IFIC Foundation Media Resources Page.